There are 2 main sources of drill solids
particles are the chemical additives and formal drilling cuttings, the drilling
cuttings are containments that degrade the performance of drilling mud. The
drilling particles will be ground into smaller and smaller and become more and
more difficult to remove from drilling mud if the drilling cuttings that not removed as per guide. Most of the
formal drill solids will be able to be removed by mechanical ways by drill
solids separate equipment and small drill particle will be very difficult to
remove and will have a great effect on drilling mud properties than the very
larger drill solids particles . The solids particle size in drilling mud
incorporated into drill mud will be range from 1 to 250 microns.
The clay, colloidal and bentonizte will be
size between 1 to 5 microns, silt, barites and fine cement dust will be 6 to 44
microns, fine sand will be between 44 to 74 microns, API sand will be 105 to
149 microns, coarse sand can be 500 – 1000 microns, coarse that larger than
2000 microns, there will be colloidal that bellow 2 microns.
Drilling solids particles are the main contaminant
in the drilling mud, so the control of the importance of the good solids
control including increased the penetration rate and reduce mud cost, reduce
water requirement, reduce mixing problem, reduce differential striking, etc.
The drilling solids removal is important to keep drilling mud recycling and re-use. The
main equipment for drill solids removal are shale shaker , desander, desilter, decanter centrifuge and there will be other
machine assistant to meet separation application including mud tank, centrifugal pump, valve and pipeline.
shaker is designed to separate drilling cuttings above 100 microns by shale shaker screen separation ; there
are 2 sets of vibrator motor installed on shale shaker to supply vibrating
power at 7.0 G force. Different design of drilling
mud shale shaker may have different size and capacity, there
will be 2 or 3 or 4 panels for a single deck shale shaker for install shaker
screen with wedge type or hook type screen installation. All GN oil field shale
shakers are – 1 to 5 degree shaker deck adjusts range and trenchless shale
shaker is +2 degree shaker deck angle.
mini shale shaker for trenchless
mud system that mud flow no higher than 200 GPM, it is
installed 2 sets of 0.75 kw vibrating motor at 6.5 G force with 2 pc shaker screen
on shaker deck with 1.35 square meters screen area, The screen can be install
20 to 100 mesh screen for drilling cuttings separation between 150 micron to
400 micron separation size. GNZS703E shale shaker is another trenchless
industry shale shaker for mud system that 300 GPM and above , this is a three
deck shale shaker with 3 pc shale shaker screen installed for 500 GPM mud flow
max by 40 mesh shaker screen . It is installed 2 sets of 1.72 kW vibrator motor
to supply 7.0 G force for shaker vibrating.
desander and or desilter
cyclones can be installed on any shale shaker to make
it as a mud cleaning for finer size separation , the desander cone can separate
50 microns and above and desilter cone separate 20 microns and above. The
minimum capacity of desander cone is 500 GPM, so we won’t be able to install
desander cone if mud flow required lower than 500 GPM but we can install
desilter cone in that case.
It is mostly used design by
current that can fit several of shale shakers that
coordinate with the design concept. It is made with multiple layers of stainless
steel wire clothes together to a steel support plank. The characteristic of this type of shale
shaker screen are list below:
It contains different meshes on wire
cloth in the screen. The sizes of the
holes that support the plank contain different mesh as well. The support plank size also is different as
well. Combine it all will get area that
is effective on condition to bearing enough liquid flow force.
The thicker wires cloth contain less
mesh at the lower bottom of the screen together with support plank so it can
added strength of the whole screen to extend usage life.
The wire cloth is divided into many
small surface grid of steel support plank which can hold the excessive
expansion to make it last as long as possible.
With demand of larger and larger treating capacity
of the drilling fluid but without building larger shale shaker, the corrugate
design screen was appear in 1990s to increase the treating surface and to fit
current use shale shaker.
Corrugate design screen has large effective area, and drilling fluid
is handled in high-efficiency by using it.
This kind of sieving screen has design characteristics as follows:
Every wire cloth in the
sieving screen has different meshes, and accurate collocation can make the
screen have better liquid treated effect.
Stainless steel wire cloth is made
it like corrugate, and closely holds metal support plank together. The
effective area can added up to 125% of the flat screen with the same specification
and the size, so as to improve the quality and treating amount of drilling
fluid and increase the production.